In eight points, the Mobilising for Rights Associates (MRA) association cites, on the occasion of the International Women’s Day celebrated on March 8, the violence to which women are victims in Morocco. A dark but very real picture …
- Seven out of 10 perpetrators of sexual violence are men belonging to the personal and intimate entourage of women. Sexual violence by an unknown perpetrator is the exception – less than 7% of cases.
- In 2019, there were almost four times as many prosecutions for sex outside marriage under Article 490 of the Penal Code (15,192 prosecutions) than all prosecutions for femicide, rape, assault, and battery resulting in disability greater than twenty days, sexual harassment in public space, sexual harassment in the workplace and violation of a no-contact order all combined (4052 prosecutions).
- In the majority of rapes, the perpetrator used verbal pressure and coercion, fraud and false promises, manipulation, and threats as a means of coercion, or situations in which women were unable to give consent. The majority of rape cases do not result in visible physical injury.
- One-off incidents of violence are the exception. Violence against women is most often frequent and repeated, and takes place over a long period of time.
- Married women do not report violence because marital rape is not criminalized and because they will be returned to the marital home. Single women do not report violence because they risk being prosecuted for sex outside of marriage.
- Responses from law enforcement, the justice sector, and the health system to violence against women focus on the relationship between perpetrator and victim, rather than on the violent act itself.
- Despite the existence of protective measures in the Penal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure, these are very rarely issued by actors of the justice system in cases of violence against women.
- The most common motives for perpetrators of violence against women are to put pressure or coercion on the woman to maintain an intimate relationship, extortion or fraud to obtain money from the woman, and to steal legal obligations in family matters.